Reading programs for middle school struggling readers

Proficient readers often take the act of reading for granted. Whether we're glancing at street signs, reading the morning paper, or reviewing e-mail, reading is just one more thing we do as we go about our daily routines.

For many children, however, learning to read is far from simple. Injust 31 percent of fourth-graders, and 32 percent of eighth-graders, performed at or above the proficient level in reading National Center for Education Statistics, Among children who are eligible for free or reduced-price lunch, a key indicator of poverty, just 15 percent of fourth graders and 16 percent of eighth graders performed at the proficient level.

reading programs for middle school struggling readers

Within the current framework of standards-based reform and accountability, all schools and districts are required to ensure that every child can read and understand both literary and informational texts by the end of third grade. For any child, this is no small task. To achieve reading proficiency, students must master certain knowledge and skills at or before critical grade levels.

During the primary years K-2children need to master the reading fundamentals, such as associating sounds with written words. Research indicates student gains are greatest when reading-based OST programs:. During the intermediate gradeschildren need to develop and use all word identification concepts and skills, as well as comprehension strategies such as recognizing confusion, adjusting one's strategies, and identifying and summarizing main ideas and important details McREL, n.

As children prepare for and progress through middle school and high school, they are expected to develop and use advanced reasoning for reading so that they can understand and interpret texts well enough to take and pass a college-preparation sequence of courses Committee for Economic Development, When children don't master these increasingly complex reading skills on schedule, the negative effects spill over to other content areas.

Struggling readers tend to fall farther and farther behind other students, not only in language arts, but in other subjects as well. Research shows, however, that this trend can be turned around.

According to Slavin, Karweit, and Madden"the negative spiral that begins with poor achievement in the early grades can be reversed" p. To help students attain upchaty nos bolest hrdla in reading, many educators are considering out-of-school time OST strategies and programs.

These educators are looking for effective programs to mitigate summer learning loss, remediate skill deficiencies, accelerate learning, and prepare students for the intellectual challenges of later schooling and work.

In addition to addressing these academic focuses, OST strategies and programs enable educators to address the safety, behavioral, cultural, vocational, emotional, and social needs of students. The timeframes for delivering OST strategies include afterschool, Saturday school, and summer school.

The variation among the purposes and formats of these strategies reflects how interventions address the different academic and social learning needs of students.If you want your students to read — or read more, check out these suggestions for making independent reading more successful. You might want to share your own answers to these questions with your class before they take the survey.

They may think reading is hard, but cannot say why. By sharing your own answers, you can help them find a voice.

A quick survey like this will tell you a lot about your students. Just collect the surveys, review, and stick in a file.

Helping Struggling Readers

These are just a way for your to understand your class a bit better. Kids need to know WHY they should read, and your students are old enough to understand the research behind the push for them to do more independent reading. If your students can understand and buy into the value of reading, you will be ahead of the game — and they certainly will be as well! Are you on Good Reads? If so, you know that they have a yearly reading challenge.

How many books can you read in a year? I love it and always participate in it and love trying working on meeting or beating my goal for the year. A great way to open reading workshop is to help students set up their goals. It can be fun to have a class reading challengebut if you have students that are resistant to that, just go ahead and set individual goals. The reading survey can help you guide students as they create goals. Instead of setting up goals for the whole year or even for a grading period, try creating goals for one week or a month.

Smaller goals will be easier for struggling readers to achieve. Yes, they should read at home, but think about the last book you needed to read. It can take awhile to get into a book. You may need to spend some time with it — more than five minutes before going to bed — in order to really get into the story and understand the characters.

When you carve out some precious classroom time for independent reading, you are showing students that reading is so important that you will do it in class. If a student is stuck on reading only fantasy or wants to simply read comics…well…the school year is long, my friend! You will be able to gently nudge your students to try new genres and topics as the year progresses, they get more confident in their reading, and you get to know what they like.

Again, I go to the adult reader. I like to read cookbooks.It can be hard to motivate middle-schoolers with reading issues to pick up a book. The lavish, enthralling illustrations in this book draw readers in right away. But they include many details that are easy to miss at first glance. The text of the story is similar. It engages readers quickly, but gives way to a complex plot as the book moves along.

Part graphic novel, part flip-book, part movie: Hugo Cabret is a masterpiece of words and art. Roy is the new kid in school. This funny, engaging ecological mystery really ropes in middle school kids as they root for the hero.

All of this happens while life up on the street keeps rolling on as usual. Anyone who imagines an alternate reality will be swept up in the Underland books. Jon Scieszka is the author of several great books and series for boys. The author also runs a fantastic website called guysread.

Six different narrators tell the story of Auggie, a boy who was born with facial deformities. The book details his struggles to fit in—or at least not stick out. Auggie is homeschooled until fifth grade, when he heads to his public school and really faces life in the public eye.

His journey is beautifully told from different perspectives and can give all children insight into how other kids view them. Carley finds herself by losing her family in this story about a young teen in the foster care system.

The struggles she faces on her path to discovering who she is and what really matters will pull readers in. After some tough experiences with her mother and stepfather, Carley winds up in the busy home of the Murphys. There, she finds stability and an identity that she had always lacked. Set in Afghanistan, this story centers around an year-old and her family. They lose everything they have to the Taliban. When her father is arrested, Parvana comes up with a plan to disguise herself as a boy so she can earn money to support her family.

The Breadwinner is the first of a three-book series that will have kids wanting the entire trilogy. When Elise enters middle school, many changes come with it. Then she receives a mysterious key as a gift for her 12th birthday. When she realizes that it unlocks one of the eight doors in the barn behind the house, things get very interesting.

Also, the suspense and readability of this book make it a great pick for middle school kids. Gordon Korman is a gifted writer for the middle school set.Did you know that learning to read is a challenge for almost 40 percent of kids?

The good news is that with early help, most reading problems can be prevented. The bad news is that nearly half of all parents who notice their child having trouble wait a year or more before getting help.

Teaching Teens Who Struggle With Reading: What Can Help

Unfortunately, the older a child is, the more difficult it is to teach him or her to read. If a child can't read well by the end of third grade, odds are that he or she will never catch up. And the effects of falling behind and feeling like a failure can be devastating.

Early identification is crucial. If you suspect a problem, don't hesitate! Learn about reading difficulties, get your child assessed, find out what you can do to help your struggling reader, and don't give up! Why is reading so hard? Hear from literacy expert Margie Gillis, Ed. D, on how the brain changes when we learn to read, and why those changes may happen more slowly in some kids than others. From Understood. Discover what a child's "put downs" may mean and what you can say to encourage a child to keep trying.

Author Interviews Meet your favorite authors and illustrators in our video interviews. Book Finder Create your own booklists from our library of 5, books!

Themed Booklists Dozens of carefully selected booklists, for kids years old. Nonfiction for Kids Tips on finding great books, reading nonfiction and more. Skip to main content. You are here Home.

Why Is Reading So Hard?

Best Practices: High School Reading Strategies

Why Some Kids Struggle The reasons why some kids struggle with reading. Getting Your Child Evaluated The assessment process demystified.

Parent as Advocate Why you need to toughen up and stand up for your child.Let us know what support you need and stay engaged using these free resources. Once a student is a fluent reader, they should read anything and everything that is available at their level.

How will that help them improve? Modeling fluent reading, and giving students plenty of opportunities to practice reading aloud with real-time support, helps them improve so they can build a bridge from reading fluency to comprehension and reading success. Thank you for the comment!

reading programs for middle school struggling readers

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9 Great Books for Reluctant Readers in Middle School

You typed the code incorrectly. Please try again. Something went wrong. Forgot Password? Literacy Daily. Latest Posts. Filter Posts. By Shannon Gilfeather. Reading fluency is the ability to read with sufficient ease, accuracy, and expression, providing a bridge between word recognition and comprehension.Middle School Reading Problems?

Some students do not struggle with reading until they get to the upper grades. Why is this? Some kids could master reading when the words were not complex. But when words began to have three or more syllables, they begin to struggle. Some children rely almost entirely on sight memorization of words, and thereby appear to be succeeding in learning to read for several years until this strategy becomes unwieldy.

Even children who initially master decoding successfully, could nevertheless encounter difficulty when the words to be recognized and spelled become more phonologically and morphologically complex after the primary grades. If your child is finding school more challenging, their standardized test assessment scores are decreasing, and both of you seem to be at a loss for why this is happening, take our reading symptom checklist and see if they could have mild dyslexia.

Its never too late to improve reading. Students reading at a fifth and sixth grade level will struggle in middle and high school science and language arts. Getting help now will make the difference in their grade point, and the college they choose. Give us a call if your child is struggling with reading. Take our symptom checklist. Your child is worth it! November 26, Some students do not struggle with reading until they get to the upper grades. March 17, Help your struggling reader!

November 26, Share Page.Reading difficulties can catch up to students in middle school as the demand for more independent reading increases in most classes. A student who has trouble reading is likely to struggle not just in language arts, but also in science, social studies and any other classes that use a textbook. The sooner a struggling middle school reader learns effective reading strategies, the better his chances at keeping academically on track.

When struggling students read slowly, stumbling to sound out words and ignoring punctuation, they can't focus on understanding the ideas in the text. Reading along with a recording of a middle school-level story such as "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi" or a poem like "The Highwayman" helps improve fluency by giving students a model of proper pacing and expression.

reading programs for middle school struggling readers

Teachers and parents can also help students work on sounding out words in books written at their reading level. The adult can challenge the student to find words with different sounds, such as long or short vowels. This strategy will give the student practice sounding out words until he can read them automatically. Good readers process words and build meaning from the text almost simultaneously.

For struggling readers, figuring out words and understanding ideas occur as separate processes that rely heavily on short-term memory for constructing meaning.

Struggling middle school readers need to hear models of the way good readers think and make sense of the text. Teachers and parents should read aloud to students, from middle school-appropriate texts including news and sports articles, pausing often to share thoughts and explain the mental strategies they use to find meaning. For example, they should stop when they find an important idea and explain why it might be critical.

The strategies most middle school students need to work on include summarizing, making inferences, interpreting figurative language and drawing conclusions based on text evidence.

Middle school students need plenty of practice reading relevant material written at a level they can understand. A seventh grader reading at a fifth-grade level needs to start with stacks of fifth-grade books and gradually progress to sixth- and seventh-grade texts. As they read, students should consciously apply the reading strategies they have been working on. If a student has been working on visualizing events in the story, she should focus on picturing scenes in the text whenever she reads.

Parents and teachers should support the reading practice by talking to struggling students, asking them to read aloud and offering suggestions for improvement.

Sometimes understanding doesn't occur until after a reader has to reflect on the text. Writing can be an effective way to show middle school students the value of reflection. Writing helps them to clarify their thoughts and put their ideas in precise language.

Their writing also becomes a permanent record of their thinking.